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Cottages in Canada offer many opportunities for contact with nature. They are nestled in the woods or on the shores of the lake predisposed to peace, quiet and privacy, making it ideal for avoiding the bustling city. You will also find a lot of excitement, with opportunities for everything from fishing and boating to skiing and sledding with dogs. If you are planning a family trip or a romantic retreat, you can take the time to enjoy moments in one of our cottages in Canada. The cottages are fully equipped and designed for travelers, this haven of peace is the perfect place to spend unforgettable moments with friends or family.
Plant species in Canada
Vegetation of Canada is mainly the world of tundra and taiga. In the tundra, which stretches across the north of the country(except for areas of snowy white deserts on the polar islands) and penetrates south along the western coast of the Hudson, dwarf birches and willows grow, glades are sown with lupines, daisies and buttercups, primrose and cereals, heather. Large and very useful northern cranberries are scattered over the wetlands. The Canadian taiga, stretching from north-west to east for 4 thousand kilometers, mainly consists of black spruces and aspens in the east and white firs, pines, larches, thujas in the west. There are also forests of ordinary spruce(Yukon, western Canada), oak groves, maples, white birches, cedar, larch, and mountain ash.
In the Great Lakes region, mixed forests prevail with maples, birches, beeches, Weymouth pine, chestnuts, fir, spruce, aspen, magnolias, hickory, forest nissa, and Canadian trains. In the south-west of the taiga, various types of poplar grow, in the east, in areas of high humidity - sugar maple, tsuga, oaks. Prince Island is famous for its picturesque forests of red firs, beeches, maples and yellow birches.
The Pacific coast is inhabited by Douglas and Sitka spruce, red and Alaskan cedar. In the Vancouver area, there are strawberry trees, Oregon oaks. In the Atlantic provinces, Acadian forests of balsam fir, red and black spruce, American larch, cedars, beeches and yellow birch are widespread.
Animal species in Canada
The Canadian tundra zone has become home to reindeer, lemmings, polar hares, polar foxes, musk oxen. Musk oxen can also live in the Arctic regions, withstanding severe frosts and winds under the protection of thick dark wool. With the advancement to the south, the number of animals increases; in the forests you can find forest caribou deer, elk, and red deer wapiti. The mountains are inhabited by snow goats and bighorn sheep.
Canada's forests are extremely rodent-infested. Everywhere - Canadian chicari squirrels, beavers, American flying squirrels, jerboas, needle-fur porcupines, muskrats, American and meadow hares, pikas. The Canadian world of predators is also representative, in which there are cougars and Canadian lynxes, gray grizzly bears, wolves, foxes, striped raccoons, coyotes, gray wild cats(considered endemic animals), sables, otters, pecans, and wolverines.
In addition to grizzly bears - the most aggressive and dangerous among bears, in Canada you can find smaller brown bears(Pacific coast), black bears and even polar bears, which are tirelessly protected by the state due to their small numbers. Wildlife is so well protected by the state and by the inhabitants themselves that it gradually penetrates the cities. In many parts of Canada, it is common for wild rabbits to run around city lawns and parks, superbly replacing cats in the city.
As a northern and maritime country, Canada is famous for its birdlife - 451 species of birds live there. There are especially many beautiful loons on its territory, large blue herons, wild Canadian geese. Colonies of Atlantic petrels(“sea parrots”) nest on the islands, and northern cormorants on the cliffs of the East Coast. The adornment of the nature of Canada is the golden eagles, ruby hummingbirds, as well as Canadian geese. In the Arctic, tundra and white partridges, snowy owls live or nest.m Canada is called the "Klondike" for fishermen. Thousands of lakes and rivers are filled with fish - pikes, perches, trout, carp. There are many large-mouthed basses, lake trout growing up to 20 kilograms, freshwater maskinonge pike in reservoirs.
What can you do in Canada?
Canada is one of the most athletic countries in the world. On the territory of this vast country there are conditions for active recreation: picturesque mountains, lakes, mountain rivers, endless forests. One of the most popular destinations for active tourism is hiking - for the sake of hiking and camping, tourists from all over the world come to Canada, and the locals are very fond of this type of recreation. Tours can be one day and do not require physical training, more difficult hikes will take several days. Cycling tours, as well as kayaking and canoeing along the picturesque mountain rivers, are no less popular. Sailing is possible on the country's numerous lakes and canals, and the ocean coast has all the conditions for surfing and diving.
Ontario is home to one of the country's oldest and longest pedestrian trails, the Bruce Trail. Its maximum length is more than 800 kilometers; it will take more than a month to overcome the entire route. In the northern part of the country, in the province of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Nature Reserve is a very popular trekking destination. In the reserve, tourists are offered several trails with different levels of difficulty. Another popular destination is Alberta. Some of the country's most famous hiking trails run within the boundaries of the region's “four large parks”. Untouched wilderness, endless expanses and magical views await travelers all the way along the trails. Cycling enthusiasts will be able to find similar suitable routes.
Rafting is best done in British Columbia in the west of the country. The Chilkotin, Chilko and Fraser Rivers are some of the most attractive water slopes in the world. In Lava Canyon, extreme experiences await tourists, vertical waves and cascades that stretch for 14 miles of rafting on the Fraser River. The South Nahanni River, located in the Nahani National Park, is in great demand among tourists. The Ottawa and Madavaska rivers also have suitable terrain for inflatable boating and kayaking. The Fers River flows through the Ivwaik National Park in the northwestern Yukon province. Going down it is a challenging but exciting adventure.
Features of the Canadian climate
Canada's climate is characterized by four distinct seasons. The conditions are very diverse and depend mainly on the landscape of the mountains or water bodies. In terms of relief, the main part of the country is occupied by the prairie plains and the plateau of the Canadian Shield. To the west of the prairies lie the continental lowlands of British Columbia and the Rocky Mountains, and the Appalachians rise from the south from Quebec to the coastal provinces.
Average January and July temperatures differ for each region. Winter can be very harsh in some regions of the country, with average monthly temperatures reaching 15°C below zero in the southern part of the country, and sometimes 40°C with strong icy winds. Every year the level of snow cover can reach several hundred centimeters(for example, in Quebec, an average of 337cm). The coast of British Columbia, especially Vancouver Island, is an exception and enjoys a temperate climate with mild and rainy winters. Summer temperatures can reach 35°C, even 40°C with humid winds.