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These nature houses can be found in the surroundings of .
Agritourism can be a simple village house on the shore of a lake or sea with elements of a particular national culture in the design. It could be a mini-hotel on the outskirts of the village with a rural restaurant. It can also be a farmstead on a farm, where in addition to accommodation, guests will be offered a varied event and excursion program. How to cook cheese and how to harness a horse, how to properly squeeze grapes and how to put a stove, how to fish and how to grow a salad - these questions get their answers on agritourism estates. Do you want to experience agritourism? Then take a look at our agriturismo France offers and get ready for the next funny holiday.
The flora of France
The north and west of France are mainly planes and low mountains. Central and Eastern regions - medium-altitude mountains. The snowy areas of the mountain peaks are practically barren and lifeless, and occasionally mosses and lichens can be found there. Wetlands and peat bogs can be seen here.
Alpine meadows have developed under the mountain peaks. Common daisies, bells and other flowers grow on them. You can also find wild carrots, angelica, meadowsweet. Many useful and medicinal plants grow in the French alpine meadows. Arnica helps relieve muscle pain, and the curly lily was used as food until it became a protected species. Wild orchid helps in treating gastritis. Brewers used to use gentian to add flavor to their beverages. Smelevka is used by French and Italian chefs to prepare various dishes.
Under the alpine meadows, the forest zone begins, which is coniferous forests. Pines, larch, fir and spruce trees grow in them. The coniferous strip is replaced by a broad-leaved zone. These forests are rich in oaks, chestnuts and beech trees. However, there are not enough forests left in France, because these lands began to be used by humans for the cultivation of cultivated plant species. The Mediterranean coast of France is only suitable for hardy plant species. This happened because people exterminated the rocks growing there, and the rains contributed to the exposure of the earth's cover. Therefore, most often there are low trees and bushes - olives, cork oaks, alpine pines, juniper, myrtle and oleander. Also, these territories are rich in exotic plant species - eucalyptus, palms and agaves.
Fauna of France
Human activities have had a detrimental effect on the animal kingdom. To date, many individuals have been exterminated or listed in the Red Book. But in local reserves, you can find a considerable number of Central European, Mediterranean and Alpine representatives of the animal world, for example, brown bears, chamois and stone goats. Nevertheless, some species of animals have survived and live in their natural environment. The predatory representatives of these animals are: foxes, badgers, geneta. Small rodents include squirrels, mice and rats. Hares and bats can be observed in the woodlands. Red deer, roe deer, wild boars and beavers also found their refuge in the shade of the trees. Mouflons live in the mountains of the island of Corsica.
The bird world is more diverse than the animal world. In the Pyrenees, ascending to the mountain peaks, one can hear the sounds of the willow warbler. You can also see bullfinch, pikas, meadow mints. The trills of the songbird are heard everywhere. Forest territories are divided by: wood grouses, ratchet warblers, woodcocks, red-winged wall-climbers, white-throated thrushes, alpine jackdaws, gray and tundra partridges and alpine finches. Birds of prey are also found in French territories. The main representatives of carnivorous birds are: bearded vulture, griffon vulture, vultures, eagles and sea eagles.
The water world of France is not rich. Mostly there is a man-raised trout. And only in the bays you can find sardine, flounder, herring. Representatives of marine and oceanic animals are: lobsters, shrimps and various shellfish. On the territory of France, about 10 reserves have been created, in which a large number of rare species of animals and plants live.
View plan Aiguille du Midi, France
The most popular observation deck in France can be safely called Aiguille du Midi. It is at the peak of the same name, in the picturesque Mont Blanc region. This multi-level playground has a well-developed infrastructure, and a trip to it promises to be an unforgettable adventure. To get to the site, you need to overcome the impressive path on the lift, and then drive the rest of the path along the Chamonix-Aiguilly do Midi cable car, which has been operating since 1955 and is still the highest in Europe.
A pleasant surprise awaits visitors at the upper station - a multi-level observation deck with comfortable seating areas and cozy cafes. Directly as observation platforms are open wooden platforms connected by tunnels and passages cut right into the rock. The uppermost platform is at an altitude of 3842 meters, with about 70 meters separating it from the lower one.
You can move between the levels of the site not only through the tunnels, but also with the help of a special elevator, which is much more convenient and faster. At each level of the platform, there are special plates that indicate the exact height of the platform location and its number. A visit to the Aiguille du Midi site is a long and incredibly interesting excursion that many tourists tend to visit in the summer. The fact is that it is always very cold at the top and a strong wind is blowing, so it is most comfortable to climb it in the summer, when the frost is relatively light.
Cave Gurf Berge, France
Located in France, the Gufre Berger cave was discovered in 1953 and bears the name of its first explorer, Joseph Berger. The total length of the cave passages is about 32km, it is the first cave in the world, the mines of which have been explored at a depth of more than 1,000 meters. Currently, the maximum depth of the explored mine is 1,323 meters, and scientists say that this is far from the limit.
The structure of the cave is incredibly complex from a technical point of view, to climb from its deepest shaft to the surface, it takes researchers at least 15 hours. The main danger for scientists is represented by flash floods, as a result of which 5 researchers have already died. It is for this reason that Gufr Berger is often called the killer cave, it is almost impossible to predict at what time and which areas of the cave will be flooded. Currently, researchers know 9 natural entrances to the cave, which are vertical pillars with an average depth of 300m.
Given this feature, the entrance to the cave is accessible only to experienced speleologists and only with the appropriate equipment, and tourists are offered to walk through picturesque places and look into huge craters, the sheer walls of which are covered with vegetation. A significant part of the dungeons is constantly flooded, and only a few passages can be forded, so the researchers always take inflatable rubber boats with them. Some tunnels of the cave are completely flooded, therefore they attract divers. It was in this cave that in 1967 the diver Peter Watkinson set his record for diving to great depths.
Optimale time to visit the country
France has a rather favorable climate, so you can travel here at any time of the year. The fundamental factor is the purpose of your visit to this romantic country and financial opportunities. The highest tourist season is considered the height of summer, namely the end of July and the beginning of August. Although, in general, the beach season lasts until mid-September and the velvet season is characterized by an equally large influx of tourists. Also, it is worth noting that a huge tourist rush is observed in the winter. The country is visited by ski enthusiasts from mid-December to February. Also, a fairly large percentage of travelers prefer to celebrate the New Year and Christmas holidays in France. The least number of tourists in France is during the off-season. Although people come to Paris at any time of the year, even when it rains for days, and cold winds penetrate through and through.
If you want to visit France for the purpose of an excursion vacation, it is best to go in the summer, in late spring or early autumn. At this time of the year, the weather is most comfortable for long walks, and there are practically no rainy days. If you are very fond of beach holidays, then visiting the French Riviera or the Atlantic coast is best from July to September. During this period, the water temperature reaches 25°С. There is no velvet season in the Atlantic, but more tourists come to the Mediterranean in especially hot years during the velvet season. The sweltering heat disappears, but the water temperature remains the same high. For the sake of winter entertainment in France, it is worth coming from the end of November. In the Alps, there is a full house until the beginning of April, but on the slopes of the Pyrenees mountains there are usually much fewer tourists. If you want to see the most colorful Catholic holidays, you should come to France on these dates. The pilgrimage centers are Salette, Lisieux and Rocamadour.